Know the Symptoms of a UTI And How to Diagnose It


Symptoms of a UTI

UTI or Urinary Tract Infection is an infection that occurs in various parts of the urinary system, such as the urethra, ureters, kidneys, and bladders. Most infections occur in the lower urinary tract, which is the urethra and bladder.

Women are at a much higher risk of developing this condition when compared to men. Infection that occurs in the bladder can be annoying and painful simultaneously. But the condition becomes severe if the UTI spreads to the kidneys.

Physicians treat this condition with the help of antibiotics, but you can try to lessen the chances of UTIs occurring in the first place.

Urinary Tract Infections: The Symptoms!

UTI can cause the urinary tract’s lining to become irritated and red. It can produce the following symptoms:

  • Pain in the pelvic area, side [flank], or abdomen
  • Pressure in the lower pelvic area
  • The need to urinate during nighttime
  • Incontinence [urine leakage], frequent need to urinate, and urgent need to urinate.
  • Abnormal urine colour [urine appears cloudy] and foul-smelling or strong urine
  • Blood in the urine and painful urination [Dysuria]

Apart from these symptoms, several others are associated with UTI or Urinary

Tract Infection.

  • Mental confusion or changes
  • Experiencing pain during sex
  • Experiencing pain in the penis 
  • Lower back or flank pain 
  • Fever [Temperature goes over 100 Degrees Fahrenheit] and chills
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue

How is UTI Diagnosed?

There are several procedures and tests for diagnosing urinary tract infections. They are: 

  • Urine Culture Test

 A urine culture test can identify the presence of bacteria in the urine. This test can detect and find germs that cause UTIs. Bacteria, which are one of the main causes of urinary tract infection, enter your urinary tract from the urethra.

Within the environment of the urinary tract, these bacteria grow at a rapid pace and transform into an infection. It is where Urine Culture Test comes in, as it can detect microorganisms, especially bacteria, which can cause UTIs. This type of infection is more common in women than in men. 

It is because a female’s urethra is shorter and located close to the anus. Moreover, it is easier for the bacteria to reach the urinary tract from the intestines. Bacteria gain access from the urethra and then spread to the kidneys, bladder, and ureters, where they transform into an infection.

Your doctor may prescribe a Urine Culture Test to check for infection. The Urine Culture Test price will depend on where you live, but the average cost is INR 100 to INR 350.

  • Analyzing the Urine Sample

The physician will ask you to provide a sample of your urine for lab analysis to check the presence of bacteria, red blood, and white blood cells. Before providing the sample, be sure to wipe your private area with an antiseptic pad and then collect the urine in a medium-size and clean container. Cleaning your private area can prevent potential contamination of the urine sample.

  • Creating Images of the Urinary Tract

Infections may occur due to an abnormality in the urinary tract. In that case, the doctor will order you a CT scan [Computerized Tomography], an ultrasound, or MRI [Magnetic Resonance Imaging]. Besides that, the physician will use a contrast dye to highlight all the structures of the urinary tract.

  • Utilizing a Scope to Check the Insides of the Bladder

The physician will perform a cystoscopy when an individual has recurrent urinary tract infections. Here, the doctor will use a thin and long tube with a lens known as a “Cystoscope” to see the insides of the bladder and urethra. This device is inserted through the urethra and into the bladder.

How to Treat Urinary Tract Infection?

To treat this condition, the physician will prescribe antibiotics to eliminate the bacteria and fight the infection. Antibiotics are one of the best treatment options for UTIs. Here are several popularly-used antibiotics for UTIs:

  • Quinolones [Ciprofloxacin]
  • Nitrofurantoin
  • Sulfonamides [Sulfa Drugs]
  • Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim [Bactrim]
  • Amoxicillin
  • Doxycycline
  • Cephalosporins

When taking antibiotics, you must follow the directions of the doctor when taking medicine. Do not stop taking the medication if the symptoms subside and you start to feel better. If the infection is not fully treated during the full course of the medication, there is a high chance of it returning.

The Takeaway

Urinary Tract Infections can occur in both men and women. The condition can cause infection of the urinary system, which will make you feel pain, irritation, and discomfort. If you have the symptoms of a UTI, consult a doctor immediately. They can provide you with an effective treatment after diagnosing it.

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